Triumphal arch

   In the Roman era, triumphal arches were monuments used to commemorate the great deeds of emperors and military leaders. They usually consisted of a single arch supported by a heavy pier at either side, the whole structure then capped by a quadrangular attic onto which a commemorative inscription was added to explain the reasons for its construction. After a successful military campaign, the person honored would enter Rome triumphantly by passing through the arch in grand procession. In the Early Christian era, the triumphal arch motif was used to separate the apse of a church from the nave as symbolic reference to the triumph of Christianity over paganism. In the Proto-Renaissance, the triumphal arch became a surface where religious scenes that instructed the faithful could be rendered, as Giotto's fresco of the Annunciation on the triumphal arch of the Arena Chapel in Padua (1305) denotes. In the Early Renaissance, architects began utilizing the triumphal arch motif for the façades of religious buildings. Filippo Brunelleschi was the first to do so in the Pazzi Chapel in Santa Croce, Florence (1433-1461). Leon Battista Alberti followed suit with the Tempio Malatestiano in Rimini (beg. 1450) and at Sant'Andrea, Mantua (beg. 1470).

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Triumphal arch — Arch Arch ([aum]rch), n. [F. arche, fr. LL. arca, for arcus. See {Arc}.] 1. (Geom.) Any part of a curved line. [1913 Webster] 2. (Arch.) (a) Usually a curved member made up of separate wedge shaped solids, with the joints between them disposed in …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Triumphal arch — A triumphal arch is a structure in the shape of a monumental archway, in theory built to celebrate a victory in war, actually used to celebrate a ruler. Invented by the Romans, the classical triumphal arch is a free standing structure, quite… …   Wikipedia

  • triumphal arch — 1. a monumental archway, often erected in permanent materials as a commemorative structure, straddling the line of march of a victorious army during a triumphal procession. 2. an architectural motif resembling in its composition an ancient Roman… …   Universalium

  • triumphal arch — noun a monumental archway; usually they are built to commemorate some notable victory • Hypernyms: ↑arch, ↑memorial, ↑monument * * * noun 1. : a monumental structure pierced by at least one lofty and typically arched passageway and usually… …   Useful english dictionary

  • triumphal arch — noun A monumental arch that commemorates a victory …   Wiktionary

  • triumphal arch — gate of victory, decorated and splendid gate in honor of a respected guest …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Triumphal Arch Hotel Anji (Anji) — Triumphal Arch Hotel Anji country: China, city: Anji (City) Triumphal Arch Hotel Anji Location Triumphal Arch Hotel Anji is located in the heart of the city and has an easy access to the tourist attractions. Rooms All guestrooms at the hotel are… …   International hotels

  • Triumphal Arch (woodcut) — The Triumphal Arch (also known as the Arch of Maximilian I , in German: Ehrenpforte Maximilians I. ) is a 16th century monumental woodcut print, commissioned by the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I. The composite image was printed from 192… …   Wikipedia

  • Triumphal Arch of Orange — Coordinates: 44°08′32″N 4°48′17″E / 44.142222°N 4.804722°E / 44.142222; 4.804722 …   Wikipedia

  • triumphal arch motive — noun : a triple bay having an arch in the central and widest compartment …   Useful english dictionary

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